Gallup was founded in 1881 as a railhead for the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad.
The city was named after David Gallup, a paymaster for the Atlantic and Pacific
Railroad. During World War II, the city fought successfully to prevent 800
Japanese American residents from being placed in wartime internment. Gallup is
known as the "Heart of Indian Country" because it is in the middle of many
Native American reservations and home to many tribes
Route 66 runs through Gallup, and the town's name is mentioned in the lyrics to
the song, "Route 66". In 2003, the U.S. and New Mexico Departments of
Transportation renumbered US Highway 666, the city's other major highway, as
Route 491; however, this change was unrelated to the fact that the number "666"
is associated with Satan and Devil worship, and thus it was considered "cursed"
or a "Beast" to some locals
Gallup is sometimes called the "Indian Capital of the World", for its location
in the heart of Native American lands, and the presence of Navajo, Zuni, Hopi
and other tribes. One-third of the city's population has Native American roots.
Gallup's nickname references the huge impact of the Native American cultures
found in and around Gallup. However, the city is criticized in the novel
Ceremony, authored by the Native American writer Leslie Marmon Silko, for the
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