Alamogordo is the county seat and economic center of Otero County in
south-central New Mexico, United States. A city in the Tularosa Basin of the
Sonoran Desert, it is bordered on the east by the Sacramento Mountains. It is
the city nearest to Holloman Air Force Base. The population was 30,403 as of the
2010 census. Alamogordo is known for its connection with the Trinity test, the
first explosion of a nuclear (atomic) bomb, and also for the Atari video game
burial of 1983.
Holloman Air Force Base is the largest employer in Alamogordo, and has a major
effect on the local economy. According to some estimates, Holloman accounts for
half of the Alamogordo economy. According to the 49th Fighter Wing
Public Affairs office, as of January 2008 Holloman directly employs 6,111
personnel with a gross payroll of $266 million. It indirectly creates another
2,047 jobs with a payroll of $77 million. The estimated amount spent in the
community, including payroll, construction projects, supplies, services, health
care, and education, is $482 million.
Alameda Park & Zoo is the oldest zoo in the Southwest. It was established in
1898 by the railroad. The zoo contains about 300 animals of 90 different
species. The zoo has a playground area and shaded picnic tables that are
included in the entry fee. About 10 miles of the old, abandoned Alamogordo and
Sacramento Mountain Railroad grade that runs from Alamogordo to Cloudcroft have
been converted to rail trails in various sections, and are open to the public.
The sections are separately accessable and have different degrees of difficulty,
from easy walking at a grade of less than 6% to an eight mile loop that consists
of an elevation change of about 1,000 feet and a few steep slopes. The rail
trail highlights include magnificent panoramic overviews of the surrounding
areas, 100 year-old wooden railroad trestles and culverts, impressive geologic
formations, running streams, and five climatic and vegetation zones, rising from
Chihauhaun desert to a sub-alpine landscape. Founders Park was started in 1998
during AlamogordoÐ Ð â€ Ð Ð²Ð‚Ñ™Ð Ð†Ð²Ð‚Ñ›Ð¡Ñ›s centennial celebration to
honor some of the people and cultures involved in the establishment of the City.
In the park, you will find several bronze sculptures by local artists including
one featuring the three cultures most responsible for
todayÐ Ð â€ Ð Ð²Ð‚Ñ™Ð Ð†Ð²Ð‚Ñ›Ð¡Ñ›s Alamogordo-Native American, Spanish
Conquistador and American Cowboy.
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